15 Dic Repurchase Agreements (Repo)
As a result, pension and pension agreements are called secured loans, because a group of securities – usually U.S. government bonds – insures the short-term credit contract (as collateral). Thus, in financial statements and balance sheets, repurchase agreements are generally recorded as credits in the debt or deficit column. If the Fed wants to tighten the money supply, hungry for liquidity, it sells the bonds to commercial banks through a pension purchase contract or a brief repot. Later, they will buy back the securities through a reverse pension and return money to the system. In a pension agreement, a trader sells securities to a counterparty with the agreement to buy them back at a higher price at a later date. The trader takes short-term measures at a favourable interest rate with a low risk of loss. The transaction is concluded with a reverse-repo. That is, the counterparty resold them as agreed to the trader.
A reverse buyback contract (Reverse repo) is the mirror of a repo transaction. In a reverse, a party buys securities and agrees to resell them later, often the next day, for a positive return. Most deposits are overnight, although they may be longer. While conventional deposits are generally instruments that are sifted against credit risk, there are residual credit risks. Although this is essentially a guaranteed transaction, the seller may not buy back the securities sold on the due date. In other words, the pension seller does not fulfill his obligation. Therefore, the buyer can keep the warranty and liquidate the guarantee to recover the borrowed money. However, security may have lost value since the beginning of the operation, as security is subject to market movements. To reduce this risk, deposits are often over-insured and subject to a daily market margin (i.e., if the guarantee ends in value, a margin call may be triggered to ask the borrower to reserve additional securities). Conversely, if the value of the guarantee increases, there is a credit risk to the borrower, since the lender is not allowed to resell it.
If this is considered a risk, the borrower can negotiate a subsecured repot.  A pension purchase contract (repo) is a form of short-term borrowing for government bond traders. In the case of a repot, a trader sells government bonds to investors, usually overnight, and buys them back the next day at a slightly higher price. This small price difference is the implied day-to-day rate. Deposits are generally used to obtain short-term capital. They are also a common instrument of central bank open market operations. However, despite regulatory changes over the past decade, systemic risks remain for repo space. The Fed continues to worry about a default by a major rean trader that could stimulate a fire sale under money funds that could then have a negative impact on the wider market. The future of storage space may include other provisions to limit the actions of these transacters, or may even ultimately lead to a shift to a central clearing system. However, for the time being, retirement operations remain an important means of facilitating short-term borrowing. Rests that have a specified maturity date (usually the next day or week) are long-term pension transactions.
A trader sells securities to a counterparty with the agreement that he will buy them back at a higher price at a given time.