19 Dic Turkish Russian Agreement
The Moscow Treaty (Turkish: Moskova Antla-masa, Russian: ” ) was an agreement between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and Russia, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, signed on 16 March 1921.    Neither the Republic of Turkey nor the Soviet Union had been founded at that time. The internationally recognized Turkish government was Then Sultan Mehmed VI, but he was not a party to the Moscow Treaty. The sultan`s government had signed the Treaty of Sevres, which had been rejected by the Turkish National Movement. The agreement would effectively preserve some of the territorial gains made by Russian-backed Syrian forces during a three-month offensive in Idlib, the country`s last rebel stronghold, while keeping a Turkish foothold in the region. “I hope that these agreements will serve as the basis for stopping military activities in the Idlib de-escalation zone (and) will put an end to the suffering of peaceful populations and the growing humanitarian crisis,” Putin said. The meeting resulted in an agreement on a ceasefire in Idlib. The deal was announced after about six hours of talks between Putin and Erdogan in the Russian capital. “The agreement between Turkey and Russia does not prevent the United States and the EU from supporting Turkey.
Confidence-building measures, such as the use of air defence systems and the exchange of information, should be taken. Let us not forget that more than 3 million civilians are still stranded in a small area of Idlib. The risk of irregular migration from the region continues. European countries should not give Russia the opportunity to use migrants as weapons against European democracies. What has happened in recent days has shown the need for a comprehensive and deeply rooted solution to the humanitarian crisis in the region,” the sources added. The foreign ministers of Russia and Turkey said Thursday`s agreement would include the implementation of a ceasefire from midnight along existing battle lines. The agreement also provides for the establishment of a 12-kilometre security corridor along the M4 motorway, which will be jointly patrolled by Russian and Turkish troops from 15 March. While Turkey welcomed Putin`s condolences for the martyrdom of Turkish troops in a regime attack last week, the sources said that Erdogan had made clear Turkey`s position that the country would eliminate elements of the Idlib regime on its own if there was no agreement. “The Russian-Turkish agreement does not require the withdrawal of changes to Turkey`s refugee policy and does not change the fact that the European Union has not kept its promises under the 2016 refugee agreement,” he said. The agreement appears to be meeting Russia`s main objective: to allow the Syrian government to control strategic highways essential to consolidating its influence over the country after nine years of devastating war. In recent years, Turkey and Russia have had to sit down several times at the negotiating table to reach an agreement on opposition-held areas in northwestern Syria. However, despite these agreements, the situation in the region, particularly in the northwestern province of Idlib, has only worsened and no clear solution is in sight.