19 Dic Us Agreement With Iraq
Opposition leaders in Iraq and legal experts in the United States criticized Washington`s characterization of SOFA, and some Iraqi extremists maintained their opposition after the November 2008 parliamentary vote. Anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, who called on Shiite supporters to protest the deal, condemned the cabinet agreement and urged his supporters to take up arms against the Americans. But other opponents of the pact appear to have weakened their position. Maliki managed to support the pact between the Shiite and Kurdish leaders. The great Shiite Ajatollah Ali al-Sistani, who rejected earlier versions of the agreement, did not publicly reject the cabinet`s version. U.S. officials said in May 2017, as the defeat of IS was imminent, that negotiations for a deal with Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi had begun “seriously.”  On 8 July 2008, the Great Ajatollah Ali al-Sistani rejected the proposed agreement on the grounds that it violated Iraqi sovereignty after meeting with Iraqi National Security Adviser Mowaffak al-Rubaie.  Rubaie, who on 7 July told Maliki that Iraq would accept a declaration of intent instead of a SOFA, said: “We will not accept a declaration of intent if it does not give a specific date for the total withdrawal of foreign troops.”  Deputy Spokesman Khaled al-Attiyah also said on 8 July that the Iraqi Parliament would insist on reviewing an agreement with the United States and that it would probably veto the agreement if US troops were immunized against Iraqi law: “If the two sides reach an agreement, it is undoubtedly between two countries and, according to the Iraqi Constitution , a national agreement must be agreed by Parliament by a two-thirds majority.”  On November 27, 2008, the Iraqi Parliament has ratified an agreement on the status of the armed forces with the United States, which stipulated that U.S. troops would withdraw from Iraqi cities by June 30, 2009, and all U.S. forces will leave Iraq completely by December 31, 2011, but will allow negotiations to continue if the Iraqi Prime Minister believes that Iraq is not stable enough.
The pact requires criminal prosecution for the detention of prisoners for more than 24 hours and an arrest warrant for the search of homes and buildings that have nothing to do with the fighting.  U.S. contractors are subject to Iraqi criminal law. If U.S. forces still commit undecided “premeditated crimes” while off-base, they will be subject to the as yet undecided procedures set out by a joint U.S. committee for Iraq when the United States has certified to the armed forces that they will be out of service.     An Iraqi referendum on the pact will take place in mid-2009, which could force coalition forces to withdraw by mid-2010.  Parliament also adopted another bilateral pact between the United States and Iraq, the Strategic Framework Agreement to guarantee the interests of Sunni minorities and constitutional rights.  The United States